There are several ways to do your Windows 10 Disk Check even if it fails to run on System Startup. Of course, it is important to start with the Check Disk utility to expose file system errors, bad sectors, lost clusters, etc. and avoid bigger troubles like the dreaded ‘blue screen of death’ (BSOD).
Disk check at startup been programmed to remove errors, accidental or otherwise, from the last session of use. Improper or sudden computer shutdowns, corrupted software or corrupted data and others might cause these.
The frequent cases come from users who still have dual programs of both Windows 10 and an older OS version (usually Win 7 or 8) on the same primary disks. This is not ideal because the file systems of each version are different from each other. It is best to use one exclusive version (the later Windows 10) for your system.
One way to go around your Windows 10 not running the disk repair is to run a check disk manually first. Taking the role of an Administrator, first enter ‘chkdsk C: /scan’ which will show no problems at all. The next move is to enter the command ‘chkdsk C: /spotfix’.
The reply you will receive is “The volume cannot be checked.” A yes-or-no question follows: “Would you like to schedule the volume to be checked the next time the system restarts?” (Y/N).
The answer Y would leave the command to scan and check the system once it restarts the next time. When you restart the program, the volume would boot up in normal fashion, the disk check having been done during the startup.
Another way to have Windows 10 do the disk check is to create a boot CD. This is the process of disk imaging where you will be able to hurdle your problem even without the privilege of knowing the technical knowledge within a given time.
First, you need to back up your disk. You would need some free but reliable software (Macrium Reflect or Aomei Backupper). You would also need USB disk (preferably double the size of the partition you are backing up).
Finally, you would create the boot CD for your use. This is the disk image of your system. Boot from it, get to a command prompt using that, then run chkdsk.