Simple Network Management Protocol or SNMP is used for monitoring, event notification, and network device management on corporate networks. The protocol consists of a set of network management standards, including the Application Layer protocol, database schemas, and a set of data objects. SNMP can receive various information (uptime, performance counters, device parameters, etc.) from any network devices: switches, servers, routers or computers on which the SNMP agent is installed. In Windows 10, the SNMP service is available as a separate Windows component and it’s not installed by the default.
How to Install SNMP Service in Windows 10?
You can check if the SNMP service is installed on your Windows 10 using the PowerShell cmdlet Get-Service:
Get-Service -Name snmp*
Most likely, the service has not been installed yet.
You can install the SNMP service via the Control Panel. Go to the Control Panel > Programs and Features > Turn Windows features on or off. In the list of Windows features, select Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) and the WMI SNMP Provider (provides access to SNMP information via the Windows Management Instrumentation interfaces) and click OK.
You can also install SNMP service using PowerShell:
Enable-WindowsOptionalFeature -online -FeatureName SNMP
This command can help you to install SNMP service on Windows 10 in 1803 build or earlier. Starting from Windows 10 1809 Microsoft has changed the way to deploy snmp service on desktop OSs.
Installing SNMP Service in Windows 10 1803 and Newer
In Windows 10 1803 and later (1809, 1903), the SNMP service is considered deprecated and is not listed in the Windows features in the Control Panel list.
Microsoft plans to completely remove the SNMP service in the next Windows builds because of the security risks associated with this protocol. Instead of SNMP, it is recommended to use the Common Information Model (CIM), which is supported by Windows Remote Management. On the current builds of Windows 10, the SNMP service is hidden.
The SNMP service is now missing from the Windows 10 image and can only be installed as Feature On Demand (FoD).
If your computer has a direct Internet connection, you can install the SNMP service components online from Microsoft servers. To do this, open the elevated PowerShell console and run the command:
Add-WindowsCapability -Online -Name "SNMP.Client~~~~0.0.1.0"
You can also use DISM to install the SNMP service:
DISM /online /add-capability /capabilityname:SNMP.Client~~~~0.0.1.0
After that, you can verify that the SNMP service is installed:
Get-WindowsCapability -Online -Name "SNMP*"
Name : SNMP.Client~~~~0.0.1.0
State : Installed
DisplayName : Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP)
Description : This feature includes Simple Network Management Protocol agents that monitor the activity in network devices and report to the network console workstation
DownloadSize : 595304
InstallSize : 1128133
To disable the SNMP service, use the PowerShell command:
Remove-WindowsCapability -Online -Name "SNMP.Client~~~~0.0.1.0"
You can also install the SNMP service through the Optional Features graphical interface.
Go to the Settings > Apps > Apps & Features > Manage optional feature > Add Feature. Select in the list the following features: Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) and WMI SNMP Provider (to get all SNMP service configuration tabs).
After that, the SNMP service will appear in the services.msc console.
If when performing the Add-WindowsCapability command you received the “Add-WindowsCapability failed error. Error code = 0x800f0954”, most likely your computer receives Windows updates not from Microsoft Update servers but from the internal WSUS server. To make SNMP service receiving install files from Microsoft servers, you need to temporarily bypass the WSUS.
To do this, run the command:
reg add "HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Policies\Microsoft\Windows\WindowsUpdate\AU" /v UseWUServer /t REG_DWORD /d 0 /f
After that, restart the Windows Update service:
netshh winhttp reset proxy net stop wuauserv net start wuauserv
Now try to install the SNMP service with the Add-WindowsCapability command. If all goes well, return the initial wusuaserv service registry parameter pointing to the WSUS server. Run the command:
reg add "HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Policies\Microsoft\Windows\WindowsUpdate\AU" /v UseWUServer /t REG_DWORD /d 1 /f
And restart the Windows Update Service.
Configure SNMP on Windows 10 Computer
After the installation, SNMP services should start automatically. Open the Services management console (services.msc). Two new services should appear in the service list:
- SNMP Service – This is the primary SNMP agent service, that tracks activity and sends information;
- SNMP Trap – Receives trap messages from local or remote SNMP agents, and forwards messages to the SNMP management software that is being run on that computer.
Open the properties of the SNMP Service. If it is stopped, start it by pressing the Start button and change the startup type to Automatic.
Click the Agent tab. Fill in the Contact and Location fields (you can specify the user’s contact name and computer location), and select the list of services from which you want to collect data and send it to the monitoring device. There are five service-based options:
- Datalink and subnetwork.
Click the Security tab. Here you can configure various security settings for different SNMP servers.
The list of Accepted community names contains the names of the communities whose SNMP hosts are authenticated to send SNMP requests to this computer. The community name has the same functions like login and password.
Click the Add button and specify the Community Name and one of the five access levels (None, Notify, READ ONLY, READ WRITE, READ CREATE). READ WRITE is the maximum access level at which the SNMP management server can make changes on the system. For monitoring systems, it is usually enough to select READ ONLY, while the monitoring server can only poll the system, but not make changes. In our example, we added a community name public with READ ONLY permissions.
Add to the Accept SNMP packets from these hosts list of monitoring servers (hostnames or IP addresses) from which you want to accept SNMP packages.
Tip. You can select the Accept SNMP packets from any host option, but this is not safe.
Save the changes and restart the SNMP service.
This completes the SNMP service configuration in Windows 10. If you need to enable SNMP on multiple computers or servers, you can remotely install and configure SNMP service using PowerShell or Group Policy.